The Good Shepherd
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The simplest answer to the source of early Christian iconography is in the iconographic vocabulary available in the secular Roman world. Christian iconography, drawn from contemporary cultural images was useful to the Christians in the 3rd century in presenting a god of personal concern. This hypothesis can be sustained by a comparison of Christian iconography with its prior pagan vocabulary. For example, the most frequent and famous symbol of the early period of Christian art is the Good Shepherd. Fresco of the Good Shepherd in the Christian baptistry in the house church in Dura-Europos as reconstructed in the Yale University Art Gallery.