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The problems of iconographical perception and practice are obvious. John presumes a portrait is of an idol. Lycomedes is not apologetic but insists that what he has done is proper; he is but showing love and reverence for John who has benefited him. He calls upon accepted social practice, for disciples of great men were venerated by their disciples through portraiture. John does not offer a direct rebuke at this point, but protests to the inadequacy of this type of honor. And insists that Lycomedes can properly reverence him only through living a Christian life (sections 27-29). Fresco of an apostle, catacomb of Aurelii.