• St. Matthäuskirche 1966-1969, Dusseldorf-Garath, Germany 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Gottfried Bohm, architect. A combination of brick and concrete Brutalism, Bohms customary striking forms intended to reflect the strength, dynamism and contemporaneity of the Church.
    • Liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Left to right: pulpit, altar table, baptismal pool/font. The altar makes but the slightest bow to the Vatican II emphasis on altar as also a table.
    • The playfully indented south wall 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The depth of the thickness at the base of the wall is 12.1 from which it tapers to 4.7 feet. Spatially, my wife Erma, standing within the indent gives perhaps a more vivid sense of spatial relationships.
    • Liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Again we see the juxtaposition of the contemporary with the pulpit, freestanding altar/table, and seats for the clergy with the traditional high altar, tabernacle, and crucifix, and completing the visual focus, on the wall ...
    • The Baptistery 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Reflecting the ancient practice of a baptistery separate from the church, this baptistery is attached to the church room and boasts elegant stained glass by Jean Bazaine.
    • Katholische Kirche at Konstanz-Litzelstetten 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The architectural task was to build a new church that respected the existing tower and rathaus.
    • Choir 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Choir of Koln Cathedral with contemporary altar and high altar with reliquary of the three magi at the head of the apse.
    • Communion Table and positif 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The great Communion Table, with its concrete base, is given as sense of majesty and joy by a marble veneer.
    • Left view of liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Altar table and crucifix as seen from the left of the liturgical center
    • Relationship of entry to the magical south wall 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Just inside the door is a tapered cylinder for holy water, the intention of which is to always remind one of one's baptism. To the left are the portals for the deeply recessed windows.
    • Close up of liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The altar continues the brutalist theme as do the chairs for the clergy. Whatever ones attitude towards brutalism, the elements none the less convey the permanence of sacrament and sacerdotium.
    • Liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The modern pews give way to an apparently traditional liturgical center with pulpit, altar/table, baptismal font, and tabernacle for the reserved Host.
    • Approach to the main entry 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The simplicity of the painted steel framing becomes evermore apparent as one approaches. The influence of Mies van der Rohe is apparent.
    • Professor Dahinden's Lamborghini 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Further scheduling difficulties occurred when our great Volvo bus was unable to keep up with Dahinden's Lamborghini.
    • Passion Chapel 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      A view of the members of the 1984 IFRAA, who have made their way down to the crypt beneath Fueg's church
    • House of the Symbols 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      "Freestanding column by the northern entry with sculpture of three Taurus heads that act as symbolic guards." Justus Dahinden
    • The IFRAA tour arrives 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The off-center truncated cone places the highest point with its clerestory over the altar.
    • One of four main entry doors 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Jean Myers gives a sense of human scale to the size of the doors and church.
    • The great glass curtain wall by Dominikus Bohm and Heinz Bienefeld 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The glory of the rectangular room is the incredibly wonderful wall of greenish/gray glass. And when the wind moves the leaves of the trees in the adjoining wood, the leaves of this wonderful glass wall seem to move as well.
    • Choir balcony and organ 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      At the west end of the church is a magnificent pipe organ mounted in the choir balcony supported by confessionals, restrooms, and stairs to the balcony, addressing all the frailties of human kind including the need for music.