• Abraham & Isaac 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Sacrifice of Isaac. Abraham (center) with Isaac (right) carrying the wood for the sacrifice, Catacomb of Priscilla, 3rd century, Rome.
    • Adam & Eve 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of the Old Testament scene of Adam and Eve with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil and the serpent.
    • Adam & Eve 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Adam & Eve aware of their sin.
    • Apollo or Good Shepherd? 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Apollo with animals, Coemeterium Majus, Rome. The image of Apollo with the sheep formed a ready iconographic model for the Biblical references to the shepherd in Old and New Testament.
    • Appian Way 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The Appian Way, major Roman highway to the port of Brindisi, and thus by sea to the Eastern Empire.
    • Arch of Galerius, Thessaloniki 

      Bruggink, Donald J.
      Arch of Galerius. The arch contained standard iconography for suppliants bringing gifts. Another instance of existing iconography which was also used by Christians.
    • Arcosolium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Arcosolium damaged by grave robbers, Catacomb of Domatilla, Rome. Note the damages which mark the places both for inhumation and possibly for ashes.
    • Arcosolium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of refrigerium/Eucharist and Good Shepherd medallion on ceiling, Catacomb of Pietro & Marcellino, Rome.
    • Arcosolium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Relatively undamaged arcosolium and sarcophagus with pagan themes, Via Latina Catacomb, Rome. The term arcosolium refers to the arched niche usually in the cubiculum (i.e. square room) in a catacomb.
    • Arcosolium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Damaged fresco of ark for the torah scrolls in the Arcosolium, Jewish catacomb on the Via Noumentana.
    • Aurelian wall 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Roman law required the dead to be buried outside the walls of Rome, which meant catacombs were outside the walls & were registered.
    • Balaam's ass 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Balaam's ass who sees angels blocking path
    • Baptism 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of a baptism. Baptism as union with Christ was therefore also a symbol of salvation and therefore appropriate to the burial chamber.
    • Baptistry 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Baptistry with fresco of the Baptism of Christ; note loculi above fresco. (Also see CAT0040)
    • Baptistry with Baptism of Christ 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Frescoe of baptism of Christ, note steps leading down into the water of baptism.
    • Bearded Christ with Alpha & Omega 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Bearded Christ with halo and inscription alpha and omega.
    • Castel Sant' Angelo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Castel Sant' Angelo viewed from the Ponte Sant' Angelo, Rome. Built as a mausolea for the Emperor Hadrian, the top was originally conical and planted with pine trees, the symbol of eternal life.
    • Christ and the Samaritan woman 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ talking to woman at the well.
    • Christ blessing St. Paul 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ blessing St. Paul. Note supporting pillar to right.
    • Christ enthroned 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ enthroned with book of the law.