• Hagia Sophia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Long Exterior shot of Hagia Sophia. Two factors influence the dominant use of the dome in Eastern church architecture. One is the example which has been previously illustrated of the use of the dome with all of its ...
    • Hagia Sophia Apse and Dome 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Hagia Sophia Apse and Dome
    • Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Exterior shot of Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki, 8th century. The influence of Hagia Sophia coalesced with the theological concern that the veneration of martyrs might supplant the awareness of the centrality of Christ. ...
    • Heroum of Romulus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Heroes, or at least important persons, were also honored in heroa such as that found in the Rome Forum, the Temple of Romulus, the son of the emperor Maxentius. Foro Romano, Heroum of Romulus.
    • Heroum/mausoleo di Augusto 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Only the base of the heroum/mausoleo di Augusto remains. Base of the Mausoleum of Augustus surrounded by cedar trees.
    • High altar in San Paolo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The high altar in St. Paul's is directly above the sarcophagus of the martyr which is signified by the sloping mensa above the tomb.
    • High stylobate 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      This high stylobate in St. Leonidas separates the nave of the basilica from the side aisles. Krautheimer sets forth the hypothesis that the high stylobate was used to separate the more well-to-do Christians from those of ...
    • High stylobate, base, and broken column 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      In addition to implying a separation between side aisle and nave, the stylobate was also used as a base for columns, supporting the bases, columns, and capitals which supported the roof structures over the side aisles.
    • Icon of Cyril and Methodius 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Icon of Cyril and Methodius above bishop's chair in the Church of Cyril of Methodius.
    • Iconostasis of Hagios Demetrios 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Iconostasis of Hagios Demetrios
    • Inscription on Reliquary Box at Sant' Apollinare 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      Close-up on inscription on the side of the reliquary box in the altar in the center of the nave of Sant' Apollinare. The inscription reads, "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of your faith".
    • Interior Dome of Hagia Sophia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The interior of the dome of Hagia Sophia is the largest in the world. The center of the dome containing the image of Christ as Pantocrater was covered with Islamic calligraphy.
    • Interior Nave and Apse 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Interior of Nave and Apse. With the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque.
    • Interior of Colosseum 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      The Colosseum, which could sit 50,000 people for the games, was reputedly the site for the martyrdom of many early Christians. However, it should be noted that there is no contemporary literary or iconographic evidence for ...
    • Interior of Diocletian's mausoleum/Cathedral of Split 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Diocletian's mausoleum has been converted into the Cathedral of Split. Its iconography most appropriate to the resurrected Christ. Shot of the interior of Cathedral in Split, Croatia.
    • Interior of dome at St. Justus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Interior shot of the dome at St. Justus.
    • Interior of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      San Sebastiano interior rebuilt in 1612 by Cardinal Scipione Borghese.
    • Interior of Sant' Apollinare in Classe 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      Long-shot of nave and apse with original mosaics dating to the time of Justinian. Note that in the center of the nave is an altar. This ancient altar is in the north African position.
    • Interior of Sant'Agnese 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Interior of Sant'Agnese showing the balcony for the catechumens.
    • Interior of Santa Constanza 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Interior of Santa Constanza.