• Facade of Sant'Agnese 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Present facade of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura.
    • Family portraiture in gold glass 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The memory of families were honored in portraiture in gold glass. Portraiture of father, mother, and child in gold glass. Museo Vaticano.
    • Feast of the martyr-hero 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      As we move toward an understanding of the transition from martyrdom to the veneration of martyrs we can do so through an understanding of the iconography of the martyr-hero in terms of feast, image, heroa, and dome. Here ...
    • Feast of the martyr-hero/ Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J.
      A catacomb fresco of martyr-hero/Eucharistic feast in Rome.
    • Feast of the martyr-hero/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Close-up of the feast on the sarcophagus found in the Museo delle Terme.
    • Foundations of the Basilica of Saint Leonidas 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      View from the chord of the apse looking across the area of the apse, down the nave, to the narthex and exonarthex. A distance of over 600 feet.
    • Fragments from wall of shelter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Fragments from wall of shelter with petitions to the apostle-martyr Peter.
    • Friar scaling mausoleum 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Friar giving scale to the decoration of the mausoleum.
    • Funerary Jar 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      This funerary jar for the ashes of a non-Christian Roman, has a tholoid cap, again symbolizing, a la E. Baldwin Smith, the communication of power through the allusion to divinity, eternity, and the heavens.
    • Hagia Sophia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Long Exterior shot of Hagia Sophia. Two factors influence the dominant use of the dome in Eastern church architecture. One is the example which has been previously illustrated of the use of the dome with all of its ...
    • Hagia Sophia Apse and Dome 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Hagia Sophia Apse and Dome
    • Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Exterior shot of Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki, 8th century. The influence of Hagia Sophia coalesced with the theological concern that the veneration of martyrs might supplant the awareness of the centrality of Christ. ...
    • Heroum of Romulus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Heroes, or at least important persons, were also honored in heroa such as that found in the Rome Forum, the Temple of Romulus, the son of the emperor Maxentius. Foro Romano, Heroum of Romulus.
    • Heroum/mausoleo di Augusto 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Only the base of the heroum/mausoleo di Augusto remains. Base of the Mausoleum of Augustus surrounded by cedar trees.
    • High altar in San Paolo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The high altar in St. Paul's is directly above the sarcophagus of the martyr which is signified by the sloping mensa above the tomb.
    • High stylobate 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      This high stylobate in St. Leonidas separates the nave of the basilica from the side aisles. Krautheimer sets forth the hypothesis that the high stylobate was used to separate the more well-to-do Christians from those of ...
    • High stylobate, base, and broken column 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      In addition to implying a separation between side aisle and nave, the stylobate was also used as a base for columns, supporting the bases, columns, and capitals which supported the roof structures over the side aisles.
    • Icon of Cyril and Methodius 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Icon of Cyril and Methodius above bishop's chair in the Church of Cyril of Methodius.
    • Iconostasis of Hagios Demetrios 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Iconostasis of Hagios Demetrios
    • Inscription on Reliquary Box at Sant' Apollinare 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      Close-up on inscription on the side of the reliquary box in the altar in the center of the nave of Sant' Apollinare. The inscription reads, "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of your faith".