Recent Submissions

  • FinnAir 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-18)
    Departure by FinnAir.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    The best exterior view of the church and bell tower.
  • The Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Cathedral of Helsinki 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-18)
    It was also known as St. Nicholas' Church until the independence of Finland in 1917.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Ceiling detail of the fluidity of this portion of Aalto's designs.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Detail of Aalto's attention even to the door handles.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Close-up of church pews.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Moveable walls to separate the church rooms.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Fenestration for the "third" church room.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    View of organ.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Communion table with three crosses.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Close-up of pulpit ornamented only by the antependia.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    The church is really composed of a series of three totally interconnected rooms which can be used for church festival days and can be entirely separated from the church room for civic occasions and/or to reduce the size ...
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Church room with interior center offering a sweep across the main church room from side fenestration and organ to the liturgical center.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Close-up of baptismal font with altar rails and altar.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Exterior with entrance to the left.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Liturgical center with pulpit, table and font.
  • Olavinlinna Castle 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    The castle is the scene of summer festivals of the arts.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    More familiarly known as the Church of the Three Crosses. Alvar Aalto built a stunning bell tower.
  • Olavinlinna Castle 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    Northernmost medieval stone fortress still standing.
  • Vuoksenniska Church (Church of the Three Crosses) 

    Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1998-08-17)
    The exterior of the church is captive to Aalto's vision for the interior.

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