• Arcosolium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Damaged fresco of ark for the torah scrolls in the Arcosolium, Jewish catacomb on the Via Noumentana.
    • Ark for Torah scrolls 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      But ark, or "tevah" in the Hebrew is a word of ambiguity, meaning an ark for the scrolls of the Torah or that of Noah.
    • Entrance 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Entrance to the Jewish catacomb on the grounds of the former Mousolini's residence. The steel door through which one enters the catacomb is at the bottom of a depression. The top step down is visible in the lower right ...
    • Loculi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Loculi where the dead were placed on both sides of the catacomb corridor, Jewish catacomb. The face of the loculus was covered with ceramic or marble tiles.
    • Menorah 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The fresco of the Menorah is in the ceiling of the cubiculum in the Jewish catacomb.
    • Torah scroll 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of a torah scroll in the arcosolium. The image of the Jewish Torah scroll is commanded in the book of Leviticus. The image seen here clearly designates this as a Jewish catacomb.
    • Villa Torlonia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Villa Torlonia, Mousolini's former residence. Site of ancient Jewish catacombs. Jews believed in the resurrection of the dead & practiced inhumation.
    • Villa Torlonia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Guard's children in front of Mousolini's former residence. Photography of the villa was prohibited. Photos of the guard's children were not.