• Adventus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Immediately below the upper central panel of the sarcophagus of Junius Bassius is an Adventus, innocent enough to our eyes but within the context of imperial iconography it represented and emphasized Christ as ruler. ...
    • Another antennae 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      From here Vatican radio reaches all parts of the world.
    • Another fountain 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Apostle Paul 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Images also affirmed the veneration of the apostle martyrs of Rome. But relevancy by its very nature means that the church is using a medium of the prevalent culture as a vehicle to communicate its own message and these ...
    • Apse of St. Peter's seen from the Vatican gardens 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The steep slope of Vatican hill becomes apparent as we climb upward in the gardens.
    • Apse St. Paul's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The apse mosaics are by Edward Burne-Jones.
    • Ariadne 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Close up of sarcophagi frontal of Ariadne being covered with gift of eternal sleep.
    • Augustus Caesar 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Iconography played a further part in that the burning of incense required a symbol or effigy of the emperor. Statue of Caesar known as the Augustus of Prima Porta.
    • Baldacchino 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The baldacchino designed by Bernini was cast with bronze taken from the Pantheon. Giving rise to the quip found in the mouth of one of the talking statues which loosely translated is "that which the barbarians did not do ...
    • The baptismal font 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Entering St. Peter's one encounters the huge porphyry basin of the baptismal font, surmounted with its great gold covering.
    • Base of the obelisk 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      On the base of the obelisk is the inscription "impio cultu dicatum."
    • Bernini Baldacchino 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The baldacchino, surmounted by the cross, on the underside of the canopy, hidden behind a column is a descending dove, symbol of the Holy Spirit who rests upon the papal celebrant and the transformed body and blood.
    • Bronze doors of St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Bronze doors of St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      While it had not been the intention of Pope John to be part of the doors he had commissioned, none the less his popularity and death made his inclusion a veritable "must."
    • Bronze doors of St. Peter's on the extreme left sculpted by Monzu a Bergamo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Monzu was not an obvious choice to create the bronze doors for St. Peter's. He had been divorced, he was a communist, but he was also Italy's foremost sculptor. Giovanni XXIII was influenced by Monsignor (sp?) ____
    • Bronze medallion of co-reigning Caesars 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Caesars were also venerated through 'portraiture' in the medium of bronze medallions. Bronze medallion of co-reigning Caesars. Museo Vaticano.
    • Bronze medallion of martyr-heroes 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      These Christians, presumably martyrs, are identified as such by the ☧ (Chi Rho) at the apex of the medallion. This is another example of Christians using the iconography of the day for the veneration of the martyr-heroes. ...
    • Bronze peacock 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bronze peacock from old St. Peter's. The Peacock was one of many symbols of eternal life, due to its touted longevity.
    • Campo Santo Teutonico 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Adjoining the cemetery is the Collegio Teutonico.
    • Carlo Maderno fountain to the right of the obelisk 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Erma Bruggink in front of the fountain designed by Carlo Maderno. The fountain erected in 1614, similar to an earlier fountain in the Piazza of 1490.