• Atop the Tower 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Atop the Tower with John and Don Bruggink sitting at the table. Atop the tower is a shelter for the guards and a table for them to sit at in order to eat and drink while on duty.
    • The Cathedral of Worms 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Both the emperor on the left and the papacy on the right were represented by the twin towers offering entry into the city of God, the church.
    • Christiansborg Palace 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1990-09-17)
      The tour began in Copenhagen on Monday, September 17, 1990.
    • The Church as the city of God 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      "Christ seen as present in his city, the Church." Just as walled cities had twin towers marking their gates, even in many rural churches there were twin towers to represent the entrance to the secure city of God.
    • A churrigeresque tower of Santa Prisca 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
    • The defensive tower/guest house 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The formerly defensive tower have become alternately a place of retreat for popes but are also used as a guest house.
    • Entrance door 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Flanked by the two smaller towers and mounted on a central pivot, the brilliantly enameled door by Le Corbusier hints at the enchantment of the interior.
    • The façade of Chartres 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      Note the transition from the early gothic in the tower on the right to that of the high gothic on the left
    • Katholische Kirche at Konstanz-Litzelstetten 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The architectural task was to build a new church that respected the existing tower and rathaus.
    • Koln Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Twin towered churches find their culmination in the Cathedral of Koln, albeit twin towered churches can be found in every sizeable American city as the iconography, continues even though unrecognized.
    • Koln Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Moving half a millennium from the decagon of St. Gereon to the completion of the towers of Cologne Cathedral we move from the High/Middle Ages to the culmination of High Gothic.
    • La Rochelle 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      Perhaps the most important of the four fortified cities. It was beseiged and fell to the royal forces in 1572 with Protestant freedom being severly curtailed.
    • Leaning Tower and Cathedral of Pisa 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      The '69 tour included medieval and Renaissance architecture in Pisa.
    • Papal insignia on the tower of St. John. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Now used as a guest house it was refurbished by John XXIII in 1962.
    • Ramparts and defensive towers with a bridge over the moat 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      The massacre was followed by more war and bloodshed until Henry of Navarre (Henry the IV who as previously mentioned was crowned in 1594) issued the edict of Nantes in 1598.
    • Side chapel 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Alongside the entrance at the base of one of the flanking towers is an altar for the side chapel. Its stark simplicity with the light from the clerestories and candle and stuccoed cylindrical walls lend an aura of sanctity ...
    • Three towers 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Each of the three towers surmounts a small interior side chapel, the shape of which follows the half round of the tower. Note also the concrete "gargoyle" projecting from the roof to spout its water into a whimsical catchment.
    • The Torre delle Milizie 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Built by Innocent III as a watchtower, the purpose of which was to exercise control over the citizens of Rome.
    • Tower of Constance, Aigues-Mortes 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      The pleasures of al fresco dining are in contrast to the stark history of incarceration in the tower of Constance where many women were inprisoned for years for attending Huguenot worship.
    • Tower of Hope 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The success of the Schuller ministry was such that in 1968 he was able to build the 13 story Tower of Hope which contained the offices of both the onsite congregational ministry and that of the Hour of Power. The Tower of ...