• Altar/table 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      Progression in the veneration of martyrs now begins to bring the remains of the martyr from a catacomb beneath the high altar into the church itself. Here we see the very early form of the altar/table with four stone legs ...
    • Duomo sanctuary at St. Fosca 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      The synthronon is the semi-circular raised seating in the apse. The highest ranking ecclesiastic was of course the bishop who sat and preached from his throne. Beneath him were the elders, the deacons, the acolytes, and ...
    • Interior of the 'Duomo' 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      The nave and apse of St. Fosca. Note the iconostasis separating the nave and the sanctuary.
    • Saint Fosca 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      The ancient Duomo di Torcello (Dome of Torcello) was built approx 1000 AD. Basilica to the left of the campanile.