• Apse of Santa Maria dell 'Anima 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      On the right side of the apse is the tomb of the Pope Adrian VI, 1522-1523. As a reforming Pope his Pontificate was brief and he was the last non-Italian pope until the election of John Paul II in 1978.
    • Bearers of the sedia gestatoria 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      It is obviously an honor to be chosen to be bearers of the pope. The rational for the sedia gestatoria given by the Ladies of Bethanie was that it was not intended to be a matter of implied supremacy but rather the throngs ...
    • Cathedra and high altar of St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      In 1969 it was still the custom to set the cathedra for the pope in front of the high altar from which he presided for the papal audience.
    • Chapel of the Popes 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Veneration of deceased popes. Their cubiculum/chapel in catacomb of Callixtus.
    • Church of Saint Andrea al Quirinale 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bernini's S Andrea built in 1659 near the Quirinale Palace, the residence of popes until 1870.
    • Close up of the central panels with Saints Paul and Peter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Note the dominuative, kneeling pope receiving the keys.
    • The defensive tower/guest house 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The formerly defensive tower have become alternately a place of retreat for popes but are also used as a guest house.
    • Emperor supplanted by organ 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The west end of the nave complete with altar for celebrating the mass, architecturally spoke to the conflict between papacy and emperor as to who was Christ's ultimate representative. The emperor customarily sat in enthroned ...
    • John Paul II 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The Pope gestures during papal audience, surrounded by bishop and cardinal and Swiss guard.
    • John XXIII 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1975)
      Manzu's head of John XXIII commemorates this great Pope who brought much of the practice of the church into the modern age.
    • Koln (Cologne) Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Begun in 1248 and completed only in 1868. It represents the architectural high gothic and the abandonment of the double choirs and the struggle for power between papacy and emperor.
    • Palazzo del Quirinale 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Since 1947 the official residence of the President of the Republic. It was begun in 1574 under Gregory XIII and from 1592 was the summer residence of the Pope. It remained the palace of the Popes until the unification of ...
    • A Papal audience in the Piazza de San Pietro: Holy Year 1975. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1975)
      Another first was attending a Papal audience with Paul VI in the Piazza de San Pietro. The popularity of Paul VI plus the Holy Year entirely filled the Piazza.
    • Papal audience within the Vatican Palace 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1967)
      Through the good offices of the Ladies of Bethanie, our group of Protestants from the Western Christendom Travel Seminar were included in a papal audience held within the Vatican Palace.
    • A papal blessing 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The pope offering a blessing to the crowd in the Piazza on the occasion of a feast day of St. Peter from the balcony under the fastigium of St. Peter.
    • Papal insignia on the tower of St. John. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Now used as a guest house it was refurbished by John XXIII in 1962.
    • Papal welcome 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      In 1969 the Ladies of Bethanie arranged to have the members of the Western Christendom Travel Seminar honored by being represented by two of their number to be personally greeted by Pope Paul VI. The Ladies insisted that ...
    • Paul VI on the Papal throne 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A temporary focal point was added to the hall by hanging one of the great tapestry from the Vatican museum, in this case a tapestry of the resurrection, which would later be replaced by a sculptor of the resurrection
    • The pope enters the crossing on his way to the temporary papal cathedra 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
      The privileged participants are seated in the crossing surrounding the high altar.
    • Pope Paul VI 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The pope, surrounded by cardinals, greets 6,300 pilgrims including those of the WCTS.