• Magi approaching Mary and Jesus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In the earliest representation of Mary and Jesus is the presence of the gentile magi done in the familiar iconography of suppliants. Andre Grabar sees the Magi as the oldest image/sign for the central Christian fact of ...
    • Mary, Christ, and Balaam 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Building on Numbers 24:17, "A star shall rise out of Jacob , and a scepter shall spring up from Israel" the fathers set forth Balaam, a non-Jew, as a prophet belonging to the race and profession of the Magi. Balaam pointing ...
    • Mother and child 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In New Testament images, Pierre Du Bourguet suggests that the pose of this mother and child in antiquity was always with the infant Jesus but may be compared with that of Isis and the infant Horus. Mother and Child/ Mary ...