• 4th century mosaic of Abraham feeding the angel visitants. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      4th century mosaic as seen through the columns of the baldacchino.
    • Agios Georgios 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Close-up Apse mosaic of Christ enthroned with apostles and martyrs ca 400.
    • Apse Mosaic 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      At the top of the vault is the iconic representation of the dome of heaven with the hand of God stretching down to the crucifix surrounded by John the Baptist and doctors of the church. The rivers of living water flow from ...
    • Apse Mosaic at Santa Maria Maggiore 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Christ and the Virgin enthroned may be derived from the 12th century mosaic in the apse of Santa Maria in Trestavere. This mosaic by Jacapo Torriti (1290-95) represents the coronation of the Virgin and commemorates the ...
    • Apse Mosaic at St. Cecilia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Apse mosaic of Sant'Agnese 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Apse mosaic of Sant'Agnese attended by bishop and other figure.
    • Apse Mosaic Santa Pudenziana 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Apse St. Paul's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The apse mosaics are by Edward Burne-Jones.
    • Arch and Apse Mosaics at Santa Maria in Trastevere 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Bishop Honorius at the foot of Christ 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Directly below the throne is Christ's representative the bishop. Close-up of Pope Honorius kissing the foot of the enthroned Christ in the apse mosaic of San Paolo fuori le mura.
    • Cappella di San Filippo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      1600-04, the portrait following a painting by Guido Reni is in mosaic.
    • Ceiling Mosaic in the Chapel of Zeno 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Cetus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The sea monster was a very familiar figure in Roman iconography known as a cetus. One finds him repeatedly in Roman iconography and Christians used it despite its narrow throat to depict the monster who swallows Jonah. A ...
    • Christ enthroned 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Beyond the arch and in the apse is an even more obvious portrayal of the enthroned Christ. Enthroned Christ in the apse mosaic of San Paolo fuori le mura.
    • Christ giving the Law to Peter with Paul in Santa Constanza 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Mosaic of Christ giving the Law to Peter with Paul in the martyrium of Santa Constanza.
    • Close up mosaics of Cypriano and Justina 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Close up of Mosaic of Sol Invictus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Whether the mosaic was for a pagan or Christian burial depends upon the interpretation of the divine figure in the quadriga, is the figure of the pagan Sol Invictus or a Christian interpretation of the all powerful Christ?
    • Close up of Pope Honorius at the foot of the enthroned Christ at San Paolo fuori l'mura 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Close up of the Apse Mosaic at Santa Maria Maggiore 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Close up of the mosaics 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)