• Apse Mosaic at Santa Maria Maggiore 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Christ and the Virgin enthroned may be derived from the 12th century mosaic in the apse of Santa Maria in Trestavere. This mosaic by Jacapo Torriti (1290-95) represents the coronation of the Virgin and commemorates the ...
    • Close up of Apse of St. John 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      On a field of blue, the Holy Spirit and angels surround the Christus Pantocrator. On the field of gold, a bejeweled cross with a medallion head of Christ stands on a hill from which flow streams of living water at which ...
    • Close up of Virgin and Child 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The sculpture of Mary would appear to be very traditional and ancient, giving this very modern church some continuity with its religious past.
    • Devotional "chapel" 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      In one corner of the front of the great church room is a sculpture of Mary and Child surrounded by a tree and flowers with pews for private devotion.
    • East wall with Virgin and votive candles 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      From this angle along the south wall, the disruptive floor to ceiling windows disappear and the sacral display of votive candles lead the eye upward to the small window with an image of the Virgin.
    • The interior of Notre Dame du Haut 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      In the foreground, one senses the uneven stone work of a sloping floor. To the side are pews which will seat fifty of the rooms capacity of two hundred. In front are the communion rails, on the slightly raised platform of ...
    • Magi approaching Mary and Jesus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In the earliest representation of Mary and Jesus is the presence of the gentile magi done in the familiar iconography of suppliants. Andre Grabar sees the Magi as the oldest image/sign for the central Christian fact of ...
    • The main doors of St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The great bronze central door is from Old St. Peter's and was decorated by Filaret in 1439-45. The iconography of the central panels are of St. Peter with the keys on the right, and St. Paul with the sword of the word on ...
    • Mary & Jesus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Close up on mother and child in the arcosolium of Donna Velata, Catacomb of Priscilla. Some scholars argue for a generic mother and child, others argue for Mary & Jesus.
    • Mary, Christ, and Balaam 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Building on Numbers 24:17, "A star shall rise out of Jacob , and a scepter shall spring up from Israel" the fathers set forth Balaam, a non-Jew, as a prophet belonging to the race and profession of the Magi. Balaam pointing ...
    • Mary, Jesus & Balaam 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Balaam is pointing to the star above Mary's head, Catacomb of Priscilla. A reference to Numbers 24:17.
    • Mosaic on Santa Maria in Trastevere 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The mosaic of the virgin surrounded by female figures with lamps, done in the 13th century. The portico was added by Carlos Fontana in 1702.
    • Mother and child 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In New Testament images, Pierre Du Bourguet suggests that the pose of this mother and child in antiquity was always with the infant Jesus but may be compared with that of Isis and the infant Horus. Mother and Child/ Mary ...
    • Props for the nativity tableau 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      One of the most popular presentations was the Christmas nativity, which included not only Mary, Joseph, and animals but also living, flying angels.
    • Sarcophagus Frontal 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      Sarcophagus frontal showing the magi bringing gifts to the Christ child born in Bethlehem to which Mary and Joseph went as a result of the decree of Caesar Augustus.
    • Sculpture of Mary and Jesus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The column is for the tabernacle for the reserved host, the white cube for convenience and base for the sanctuary lamp, kept burning to honor the presence of Christ. Note on the left, kneelers for those who need the rails ...
    • Via Di Santa Tiara 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The painting of Christ on the cross surrounded by John the Baptists and the three Marys and St. John are by Antoniazzo Romano 1482.
    • Votive offerings to the Virgin 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)