• Arcosolium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of refrigerium/Eucharist and Good Shepherd medallion on ceiling, Catacomb of Pietro & Marcellino, Rome.
    • Calvin's doctrine of the Lord's supper 

      Yazaki, Kunihiko (1966)
    • Catacomb fresco of refrigeria/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In both the synagogue and the church the pictures are there to communicate the message of their faith, they are a visual reinforcement of its written iconography. The origins of this iconography, however, is not to be found ...
    • Christian sarcophagus with the departed, Jonah, and Eucharistic feast 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      There was initially a thin line between honoring one's departed with a very expensive sarcophagus depicting Christian scenes including that of the Eucharist and honoring the martyr-hero (Christ the initial martyr-hero) ...
    • Contextualizing the practice of the Lord's Supper among Dalit Christians in AELChurch 

      Bellapu, Robert Vijaya Kumar (2008)

      The Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church was begun on July 31, 1842 by a German Lutheran missionary, John F.L. Heyer who was sent by the Lutheran synod of Pennsylvania, USA. He started his ministry by serving the poor and ...

    • Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J.
      Close up of feast of the martyr-hero evidenced by fish on the tripod table. Fresco at the catacomb of Pietro e Marcellino
    • Feast of the martyr-hero 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      As we move toward an understanding of the transition from martyrdom to the veneration of martyrs we can do so through an understanding of the iconography of the martyr-hero in terms of feast, image, heroa, and dome. Here ...
    • Feast of the martyr-hero/ Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J.
      A catacomb fresco of martyr-hero/Eucharistic feast in Rome.
    • Feast of the martyr-hero/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Close-up of the feast on the sarcophagus found in the Museo delle Terme.
    • Gol Stavkirke 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1990-09-29)
      Lord's supper in apse.
    • Illustrated manuscript with the Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The earliest illustrated manuscript representation of a Eucharist is not to be found until the 6th century. Eucharist, Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (Codex Rossano), 6th century. The celebration is around a sigma shaped table.
    • Modern spirituality and an ancient supper 

      Mast, Gregg, 1952- (1995-01-31)
    • Refrigeria/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Scenes of the Lord's Supper apparently began as something of a conflation with the Roman custom of the refrigeria, a memorial meal at the site of the grave. Refrigeria/Eucharist, fresco from the Catacomb of Callistus.
    • Refrigeria/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Soon the custom of honoring the Christian dead began to coalesce with the representation of the Eucharist and eventually through the martyria altar and tomb, remembering and Eucharist, were woven into a single whole in ...
    • Refrigeria/Eucharist with agape inscription 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Catacomb fresco depicting a refrigeria/Eucharist celebration with an accompanying agape inscription (center left).
    • Refrigeria/Lord's Supper 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of the refrigeria/Lord's Supper in the Capella Greca, Catacomb of Priscilla, first half of 3rd century.
    • Refrigerium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Inscription reads "Stir up in me peace" and the skull and bones of the deceased still present. The fish on the eucharistic table may be a reference to the acrostic for Jesus Christ God's Son Savior, or a reference to Acts ...
    • Refrigerium/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Eucharist Scene with three legged table (Left), Eucharist scene with basktes of bread (Center), Good Shepherd with an orantes (Right).