• The Annunciation 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Set in a panel in the glass wall is a traditional but far more expensive stained glass interpretation of the Annunciation.
    • Church of Notre Dame du Raincy, France, 192-1923 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Auguste Perret, architect. The interfaith form on religion, art, and architecture (IFRAA) requested Professor Donald J Bruggink, honor member of IFRAA, to prepare and conduct a post conference European seminar on church ...
    • Communion rails and access to the crypt 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Behind the communion rails and below the high altar is access to the crypt and the traditional place of the martyred.
    • The cross in stained glass 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Again, Ektachrome required two photos when the eye could simultaneously see the richness of the stained glass and the liturgical center.
    • Glass/concrete wall 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      A closeup of the colored glass set in concrete frames. The light passing through the glass, especially in sunlight, diminishes the appearance of the frames while enlarging that of the glass.
    • Interior looking "west" 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      The arched ceiling panels are supported by slim reinforced concrete pillars, minimally interrupting sight lines. The organ is in a small balcony in the rear.
    • Interior, looking "east" 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      The great church room is enveloped by a curtain wall of colored glass, set in concrete frames. While the structure was revolutionary, the liturgical arrangement was quite traditional with the altar centrally placed on an ...
    • Liturgical focus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Perret anticipated the liturgical movement which stripped the church of distracting statuary and altars by focusing on a single central altar/table with ciborium for Our Lady.
    • Notre Dame du Raincy Interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The requirements for a new church in Raincy, a suburb of Paris, demanded a large church to be built with a limited budget. Perret won the competition because his design was the only church that met those requirements. ...
    • Notre Dame du Raincy Interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      In 1984 Ektachrome film did not have the latitude to give proper emphasis to the stained glass as well as adequately portraying the interior structure.
    • Notre Dame du Raincy, 1927. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      The third quarter of the 20th century was a period of marked liturgical and architectural change. A bibliography of publications is found in Christ and Architecture by Bruggink and Droppers. The photos found below much of ...
    • Stained glass detail 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • Walls of glass 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Perret's construction does the Cologne Cathedral one better by eliminating the need for external buttresses and allowing even more glass in his floor to ceiling walls surrounding the apse.
    • The walls of glass surround the entire church 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Set in minimal reinforced concrete frames, the walls of glass have maintained their structural integrity for over a century.
    • West end of Notre Dame du Raincy 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The west end contains choir and organ mounted below the tower showing the additional structural members holding the weight and height of the tower.