• Choir 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Choir of Koln Cathedral with contemporary altar and high altar with reliquary of the three magi at the head of the apse.
    • Fenestration 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The well lit interior is made possible by the large windows.
    • Flying Buttresses 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The large windows are made possible by the flying buttresses and carry the outward thrust of the roof.
    • The great portal to the "City of God" 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • Koln (Cologne) Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Begun in 1248 and completed only in 1868. It represents the architectural high gothic and the abandonment of the double choirs and the struggle for power between papacy and emperor.
    • Koln Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Twin towered churches find their culmination in the Cathedral of Koln, albeit twin towered churches can be found in every sizeable American city as the iconography, continues even though unrecognized.
    • Koln Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Moving half a millennium from the decagon of St. Gereon to the completion of the towers of Cologne Cathedral we move from the High/Middle Ages to the culmination of High Gothic.
    • Koln Cathedral Nave 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The soaring nave with the maximum wall space given to glass is made possible by the flying buttresses.
    • Nave looking east 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The fifty foot wide aisle appears narrowed by the 150 foot high nave.
    • Reliquary of the three magi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The principal relict of the cathedral are the remains of the three magi enclosed in this golden reliquary. Koln was an important center of trade, commerce, and scholastic learning. It's archbishop was incredibly wealthy, ...
    • The west portal to the cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The portal between the twin towers is a majestic entrance to the safety of the city of God.