• Adventus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Immediately below the upper central panel of the sarcophagus of Junius Bassius is an Adventus, innocent enough to our eyes but within the context of imperial iconography it represented and emphasized Christ as ruler. ...
    • Apse Mosaic at Santa Maria Maggiore 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Christ and the Virgin enthroned may be derived from the 12th century mosaic in the apse of Santa Maria in Trestavere. This mosaic by Jacapo Torriti (1290-95) represents the coronation of the Virgin and commemorates the ...
    • Baptismal Font 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Following an ancient tradition revived by the liturgical movement, the baptismal font stands at the entrance of the church room. The tapestry on the wall behind the baptismal font is an abstract reminder of us the baptism ...
    • Christ and the Samaritan woman 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ talking to woman at the well.
    • Christ as lawgiver 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Christ now portrayed as a lawgiver as opposed to the Good Shepherd (as seen in ICN0111). Sarcophagi fragment, Christ between apostles Peter and Paul.
    • Christ as lawgiver 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Even within the confines of rude catacomb art we have Christ portrayed as lawgiver. Fresco of Christ as lawgiver, Catacomb of Commodilla.
    • Christ Bearing the Cross 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Christ bearing the cross is by Michelangelo 1514-21.
    • Christ blessing St. Paul 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ blessing St. Paul. Note supporting pillar to right.
    • Christ enthroned 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Beyond the arch and in the apse is an even more obvious portrayal of the enthroned Christ. Enthroned Christ in the apse mosaic of San Paolo fuori le mura.
    • Christ enthroned 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ enthroned with book of the law.
    • Christ Enthroned Apse of Santa Croce 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Christ enthroned as lawgiver 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      That vision of rule is enlarged so that Christ is seated on a throne surrounded by the apostles Peter and Paul. Fresco in the catacomb of Pietro e Marcellino, Christ as lawgiver enthroned.
    • Christ giving the keys to Peter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Under the balcony and above the entrance to the narthex is the bas relief of Christ giving the keys to St. Peter by Ambrogio Buonvicino.
    • Christ in a manger 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      But the perils of the imperial iconography are that it tempts me to do as medieval popes, as crusaders, as all those who have fought holy wars have been tempted to do, as well as those religious who today emulate corporate ...
    • Christ the Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      It was simply no longer popular for a Christ who is greater than Caesar to be portrayed as a humble shepherd. The motivation has now changed, for it is now an imperial faith which stands above, or at least in league with, ...
    • Christ the Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In motive and response, is not this Christ (see ICN0144) very different than the Good Shepherd who is willing to carry me on his shoulders? Sculpture of the Good Shepherd, Museo Capitolino.
    • Christ the King of the Jews 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Close up of Apse of St. John 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      On a field of blue, the Holy Spirit and angels surround the Christus Pantocrator. On the field of gold, a bejeweled cross with a medallion head of Christ stands on a hill from which flow streams of living water at which ...
    • Close up of Mosaic of Sol Invictus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Whether the mosaic was for a pagan or Christian burial depends upon the interpretation of the divine figure in the quadriga, is the figure of the pagan Sol Invictus or a Christian interpretation of the all powerful Christ?
    • Close up of Pope Honorius at the foot of the enthroned Christ at San Paolo fuori l'mura 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)