• Audience hall in the papal palace, Avignon 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1975)
      Conflict between the papacy and secular power was focused in the appointment of bishops and thus control of the lands of the Church and the wealth it represented.
    • Exterior of the new Papal audience hall 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Commissioned by Pope Paul VI and consequently named the Paul VI audience hall.
    • Interior of the new Papal audience hall. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The Audience hall seats up to 6,300 on individual seating with views unobstructed by columns. The engineering is the hallmark of the architect Pierre Luigi Nervi. The photo was taken shortly after the dedication and still ...
    • Interior of the papal audience hall 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Another first for the 1973 seminar was attending a papal audience in the new audience hall.
    • Papal audience hall of Paul VI 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Commissioned by Paul VI the papal audience hall was dedicated in 1971.
    • Papal dias and tapestry of the resurrection 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      When first dedicated the focal point scultpure of Christ's resurrection had not been completed. The solution for a visual focal point was met by "borrowing" a tapestry of the resurrection from the Vatican Museum.
    • Paul VI on the Papal throne 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A temporary focal point was added to the hall by hanging one of the great tapestry from the Vatican museum, in this case a tapestry of the resurrection, which would later be replaced by a sculptor of the resurrection
    • Pilgrims anxiously waiting to enter the audience hall. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Piligrims from many nations have come as members of the body of Christ to be greeted by the pope.
    • Sculpture of Christ's Resurrection 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Papal audience hall with permanent sculpture of resurrection as focal point behind the papal throne. The size and dominance of the sculpture reflects the theology of the dominance of Christ's resurrection in relation to ...