• Baptistry 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Not every Christian symbol has its exact pagan counterpart, though all are within the general language of the visual arts commonly practiced within the Roman empire. The House Church at Dura furnishes a remarkable selection ...
    • Christian baptistry Dura-Europos 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In the excavations of the Asiatic frontier post, Dura-Europos, we can see the impact of this artistic ferment of the Severan Age. Christian baptistry taken from Dura Europos, reconstructed in the Yale University Art Gallery. ...
    • Close-up of Adam and Eve in baptistry Dura Europos 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Compare Adam and Eve of Dura with the same symbol in the catacombs of Rome (SEE ICN0068). Close-up of baptistry, Dura Europos, Yale University Art Gallery. Lower left- Adam and Eve with fig sans fig leaves; upper center- ...
    • The Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The simplest answer to the source of early Christian iconography is in the iconographic vocabulary available in the secular Roman world. Christian iconography, drawn from contemporary cultural images was useful to the ...
    • The Good Shepherd 

      Unknown author (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      It is among the earliest symbols of the catacombs of Rome as well as Dura Europos. Baptistry fresco of the Good Shepherd in Dura Europos (detail of ICN0036).
    • Jewish synagogue 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      A frescoed wall from the Jewish synagogue in Dura-Europos, it contains Old Testament scenes and a niche for the Torah Scrolls in the center.
    • Mithraeum, Dura-Europos 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In Dura-Europos, one also finds a Mithraeum as well as a Jewish synagogue, a temple to the Palmyrene gods, and the sanctuaries of Atargatis, Artemis, Azzanathkona, a Semite Zeus, and other local deities and Adonis. Mithraeum ...
    • Mithras hunting 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Mithras hunting. Fresco in the Mithraeum reconstructed in the Yale University Art Gallery.
    • Paralytic carrying his bed 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The paralytic illustrates Christ's power over sin to the believer. Close-up of the paralytic on the left, baptistry at the Dura Europos.
    • Synagogue representation of the Ark and Temple of Dagon 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco from the Jewish synagogue in Dura-Europos showing the faith event of the destruction of the Idol of Dagon and the Philistines sending the ark of the Covenant back to the Israelites. It should be underlined that for ...
    • Woman at the well 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Again, the woman at the well whose sins are forgiven when she drinks of the living water illustrates Christ's power over sin to the believer
    • Zoroaster 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Zoroaster in the Mithraeum.