• Apse Mosaic 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      At the top of the vault is the iconic representation of the dome of heaven with the hand of God stretching down to the crucifix surrounded by John the Baptist and doctors of the church. The rivers of living water flow from ...
    • Bekkefaret Kirke 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1990-09-25)
      Close-up of pulpit and cross.
    • Bernini Baldacchino 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The baldacchino, surmounted by the cross, on the underside of the canopy, hidden behind a column is a descending dove, symbol of the Holy Spirit who rests upon the papal celebrant and the transformed body and blood.
    • Caravaggio's deposition from the cross 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      (ben should we drop this one? It's very blurry) Caravaggio wanted people to be drawn into the experience of the picture by bringing the painting into the viewers realm. Here the stone slab on which the participants are ...
    • Christ Bearing the Cross 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Christ bearing the cross is by Michelangelo 1514-21.
    • The church of Saint Eligio Degli Orefici 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Cupulo showing two of the arms of the Greek cross.
    • The church of Saint Eligio Degli Orefici 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Cupulo showing all four arms of the Greek cross.
    • The church room with liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Seen from the choir the front of the church room contains many elements with the tapestry behind the altar giving focus to the room. The functions left to right: (half) of the altar for the reserved host, behind which is ...
    • Close up of Apse of St. John 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      On a field of blue, the Holy Spirit and angels surround the Christus Pantocrator. On the field of gold, a bejeweled cross with a medallion head of Christ stands on a hill from which flow streams of living water at which ...
    • A close up of the summit of the obelisk and St. Peter's. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A close up of the summit of the obelisk reveals the insignia of the Bernini papacy, under which the obelisk was raised, with the cross surmounting all. Note the cross over the orb of the world, which also surmounts the ...
    • Close up of vault fresco 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Here the name of Jesus is all but inaccessible, hid by His light with only the cross and the perhaps an in hoc Signum, the inaccessible name being surrounded by heavenly hosts while at a greater distance mortals look on ...
    • The cross in stained glass 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Again, Ektachrome required two photos when the eye could simultaneously see the richness of the stained glass and the liturgical center.
    • Cross over Barrel Vault Hagias Sophia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (1990)
      Close-up of Cross over barrel vault
    • A Cross to mark the spot 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (1984)
      The Cross on this hillside marked the location of the youth village.
    • Crucifix on a tau cross 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • Eidsvåg Kirke 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1990-09-26)
      The focus of the chapel on the table with candles and a simple cross and what could be interpreted as a rock or possibly a loaf of bread.
    • Elephant and obelisk before Santa Maria sopra Minerva 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The elephant as a symbol of strength holds the then recently discovered obelisk which was from Roman times a trophy of conquest and here, as in the Santra Pedro Piazza, it is surmounted by a cross which symbolizes the ...
    • Exterior of the dome 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Michelangelo's dome is surmounted by a lantern at the base of which is the walkway for those who wish to climb the dome (via stairs on the exterior). The lantern provides additional fenestration for the dome and is itself ...
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bernini's fountain with its four rivers referencing the breadth of the Roman Church was surmounted by an Egyptian obelisk, brought to Rome by the Emperor Domitian and moved here by Innocent X from the Circus Maxentius. The ...
    • Fyllingsdalen Kirke 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1990-09-26)
      Sanctuary interior with font closest to the congregation with the altar table in the center of the circular liturgical space surrounded by kneelers.