• The church room with liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Seen from the choir the front of the church room contains many elements with the tapestry behind the altar giving focus to the room. The functions left to right: (half) of the altar for the reserved host, behind which is ...
    • Communion Table and positif 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The great Communion Table, with its concrete base, is given as sense of majesty and joy by a marble veneer.
    • Evangelischer Versöhnungskirche 1961-1965, Manheim Rheinau 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Helmut Striffler, architect. The Protestant Church of the Atonement belongs to the Brutalist school of architecture using poured concrete as its virtually exclusive construction material.
    • Interior of the Evangelischer Versöhnungskirche 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The warmth of the wood of the pews together with the stained glass floor-to-ceiling windows give some relief from the bare concrete walls which nonetheless give a certain aura of austere majesty. The altar/table is off the ...
    • The Interior of the pilgrimage church 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The immense space of the pilgrimage church is apparent from the street lamps which have simply been moved indoors for illumination. At the very center of the church is the altar as dictated by Rudolph Schwarz, a relative ...
    • Interior of Wallfahrskirche 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      A slightly different angle from another lower balcony gives yet another perspective of the church room including the concrete stairway to the great pulpit. The great windows, also designed by the architect, begin to make ...
    • Liturgical center with pulpit 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The pulpit frontal is also of poured concrete which also provides a prominent placement for the Gospel.
    • Notre Dame du Raincy Interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The requirements for a new church in Raincy, a suburb of Paris, demanded a large church to be built with a limited budget. Perret won the competition because his design was the only church that met those requirements. ...
    • Notre-Dame du Chêne Interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The Sainsaulieus were experts in reinforced concrete and laminate wood construction. This church, seating 800 parishioners, is without interior pillars.
    • St. Matthäuskirche 1966-1969, Dusseldorf-Garath, Germany 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Gottfried Bohm, architect. A combination of brick and concrete Brutalism, Bohms customary striking forms intended to reflect the strength, dynamism and contemporaneity of the Church.
    • Three towers 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Each of the three towers surmounts a small interior side chapel, the shape of which follows the half round of the tower. Note also the concrete "gargoyle" projecting from the roof to spout its water into a whimsical catchment.