• The 12th century choir surmounting the martyeria 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The oval entry at the bottom of the photo leads to the martyerium. It is surmounted by an altar for contemporary worship. Above that is the 12th century choir and Baldanquin with gold crown and angels standing over the high altar.
    • The baptistery 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Reflecting the ancient practice of a separate baptistery more clearly marking entry into the church through baptism, here the separate structure attached to the church has a simple font with an enabled cover, a contemporary ...
    • Basilica of St. Ursula 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Built in the 12th century
    • Chapel organ 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • Choir 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Choir of Koln Cathedral with contemporary altar and high altar with reliquary of the three magi at the head of the apse.
    • Christi Geburt 1969-1970, Koln-Mengenich 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Eduard Frieling, architect. The exterior of the church is distinguished by the striking bell tower.
    • The decagon of St. Gereon 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The central decagon did not take shape until 1227.
    • East wall with liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      In contrast to the left wall of the great church room the east wall, with the liturgical center, is a disappointment. The liturgical change is apparent in the appearance of the altar as table, albeit this being prior to ...
    • Fenestration 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The well lit interior is made possible by the large windows.
    • Flying Buttresses 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The large windows are made possible by the flying buttresses and carry the outward thrust of the roof.
    • Glass in the chapel for the reserved Host 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • The great 13th century decagon of St. Gereon 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The great decagon built in 1227 with early ribbed vaults is unique in the architecture of the High/Middle Ages.
    • The great glass curtain wall by Dominikus Bohm and Heinz Bienefeld 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The glory of the rectangular room is the incredibly wonderful wall of greenish/gray glass. And when the wind moves the leaves of the trees in the adjoining wood, the leaves of this wonderful glass wall seem to move as well.
    • The great portal to the "City of God" 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • Home of Gottfried Bohm 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The son of Dominikus Bohm and a great architect and artist in his own right, Gottfried Bohm, graciously met with the members of the 1984 IFRAA seminar.
    • Interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      The interior shows the beginning influence of Rudolph Schwarz insofar as it is essentially circular, composed of elipses. The altar table here has a cut out reflecting a table influence. The bishop's chair is on the left.
    • Interior left wall of the great church room 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      The entire wall of the church room is of the same gray-green glass as is found in the baptistry. The exterior park of mature trees means that as the leaves move in the wind the entire wall becomes alive. Note the entrance ...
    • Interior of Baptistry 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan) in partnership with Calvin College (Grand Rapids, Michigan), 1986)
      The simple interior boasts a modest baptismal font with a cloisonne cover. The real excitement of the baptistry is that one is surrounded by the gray-green abstract stainedglass walls, which give the appearance of constant ...
    • Koln (Cologne) Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Begun in 1248 and completed only in 1868. It represents the architectural high gothic and the abandonment of the double choirs and the struggle for power between papacy and emperor.
    • Koln Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Moving half a millennium from the decagon of St. Gereon to the completion of the towers of Cologne Cathedral we move from the High/Middle Ages to the culmination of High Gothic.