• Baptism 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Baptism is also portrayed in a more literal representation. Both spoke of baptism into Christ, and therefore into eternal life. Baptism fresco in the Catacomb of Callistus.
    • Baptism 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Two other important groups of symbols while without direct iconographic antecedents, emphasized the personalistic emphasis of Christian iconography in the 3rd century: Baptism and the Lord's Supper. Catacomb fresco of ...
    • Baptism 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of a baptism. Baptism as union with Christ was therefore also a symbol of salvation and therefore appropriate to the burial chamber.
    • Chapel of the Popes 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Veneration of deceased popes. Their cubiculum/chapel in catacomb of Callixtus.
    • Christ and the Samaritan woman 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Christ talking to woman at the well.
    • Christ the Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      It was simply no longer popular for a Christ who is greater than Caesar to be portrayed as a humble shepherd. The motivation has now changed, for it is now an imperial faith which stands above, or at least in league with, ...
    • Close-up of decoration on Dionysas fresco 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Decoration surrounding the portrait of the deceased. (Detail of CAT0066)
    • Close-up of Dionysas 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Poignant potrait of a beautiful young Dionysas who died in the peace of Christ. (Detail of CAT0066)
    • Deceased with inscription 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco of Dionysas resting in peace with inscription "In Peace", a typical Christian inscription.
    • Dionysas 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Portraiture in veneration of the deceased. Portraiture of deceased with Dionysas inscription.
    • The Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The "Good Shepherd" is displayed here as orantes with another orantes on the left. This image is on the wall around the broken loculi, Catacomb of Calixtus, Rome. "I desire that in every place the men shall pray, lifting ...
    • The Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      This image is on a squinch of the cubiculum, Catacomb of Calixtus, Rome.
    • Paralytic carrying his bed 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Fresco fragment of the paralytic carrying his bed in the catacomb of Callistus.
    • Refrigeria/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Scenes of the Lord's Supper apparently began as something of a conflation with the Roman custom of the refrigeria, a memorial meal at the site of the grave. Refrigeria/Eucharist, fresco from the Catacomb of Callistus.
    • Refrigerium/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Eucharist Scene with three legged table (Left), Eucharist scene with basktes of bread (Center), Good Shepherd with an orantes (Right).
    • Refrigerium/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Undamaged fresco of Eucharist between two opened loculi. The baskets of bread imply the Eucharist in this fresco.
    • Refrigerium/Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      A fish on three-legged table, a representation of a Eucharistic meal. Orantes on the Right. (Close up of CAT0043)
    • Shorthand for the Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Close-up of "Shorthand for the Eucharist" (CAT0046). A fresco of bread basket and fish in reference to Eucharistic meal on a damaged loculi. A basket of bread, and a fish, a reference to a meal with the risen Lord. Cript ...
    • Shorthand for the Eucharist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      A fresco of bread basket and fish in reference to Eucharistic meal on a damaged loculi. A basket of bread, and a fish, a reference to a meal with the risen Lord. Crypt of Lucina, Catacomb of Calixtus, Rome.