• 90 foot doors opening to the drive-in church 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The doors opened the Crystal Cathedral to the drive-in congregation which preferred to worship from their cars. Here we see Dr. Schuller addressing the drive-in congregation from his pulpit.
    • A fitting finale 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The 52 bell carillon is named after Arvella Schuller, the pastor's wife.
    • Ancient frescoes 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
      The ceiling is decorated with frescoed vaulting. Below, note the contemporary wall sconces and loud speakers.
    • The ancient library of the cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1969)
    • Baptismal font and paschal candle 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1986)
      The Baptismal font and paschal candle exceed even the exterior for an unusual contemporary form.
    • Basilique-Cathédrale de Saint-Denis 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      After further religious wars Henry of Navarre relinquished Protestantism with his famous observation that "Paris was worth a Mass." At Sainte Denis his conversion was accepted by the Roman church.
    • Cathedral cloister 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
      As we move from century to century and diocesan churches to those of religious orders, let us be aware of the changes in style and architecture and its reflection in worship.
    • Cathedral courtyard 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
      Door to the cathedral interior is on the extreme left while the courtyard and central portico are to minister to the Native peoples.
    • Cathedral interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
      The post Vatican II rennovation by Mathias Goeritz placed an ancient Baptismal font within a very contemporary setting at the head of the cathedral nave.
    • Cathedral of Chartres 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      Henry of Navarre was crowned King Henry IV at Chartres in 1594.
    • Cathedral of Cuernavaca 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
      Cuernavaca Cathedral of San Lorenzo, dating 1533.
    • The Cathedral of Mainz 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Begun by Bishop Bardo in 1036 it was reconstructed by Henry IV in 1081. The present west end was completed between 1200 and 1250. Initially the cathedral continued the two choir format.
    • Cathedral of Notre Dame, Noyon 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      Calvin's father, Gerard served the bishop of Noyon as notary apostolic and fiscal, which meant he took care of the correspondence to Rome as well as the finaces of the cathedral. This enabled him to obtain a fine education ...
    • The Cathedral of Speyer 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      "Seeing Christ through the eyes of emperor and pope." Begun in 1031 by Conrad II. The eleventh century Rhine cathedrals are marked by a double liturgical focus for the sacerdotium and imperium. The west end was for the ...
    • The Cathedral of Worms 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Both the emperor on the left and the papacy on the right were represented by the twin towers offering entry into the city of God, the church.
    • The Cathedral of Worms, west end façade 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Worms also architecturally represents the tension between emperor and papacy as to the control of the church. Here accordingly the church has a double choir for emperor in the west and papacy bishop in the east.
    • Cathedral pulpit 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      From the concept of the heroa and the funerary monuments with domes, we must now return to the progression of the veneration of the martyrs in the West, first of all, in cemeteries. Shot of pulpit in the Cathedral of Split.
    • Church entrance 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1986)
      The massiveness of the doors reflects the scale of the great stone blocks of the base.
    • Church interior with liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1986)
      The floor to ceiling apex window of translucent marble compels the eye in it's downward sweep to cross and altar/table. While the church shape is contemporary the pews, liturgical arrangement, and furniture are quite traditional.
    • Circular stairway to organ balcony 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1986)