• Angel sheathing it's sword 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The angel atop Castel Sant-Angelo recalls the tradition of St. Gregory the Great who praying for the lifting of the plague of 590, saw the vison of an angel atop the fortunes Sant-Angelo, sheathing it's sword. The vision ...
    • Bernini's model of the angel 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bernini also modeled an angel for the Castel San-Angelo which never made it to the top, but is preserved on the interior of the papal apartments
    • Castel Sant'Angelo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The present day Castel Sant-Angelo as seen from across the Tiber.
    • The Castel Sant'Angelo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Originally the castle, which was intended as a mausoleum, was covered with a conical surmounted by earth works shaped as a cone and covered with pine trees, all to reinforce the symbol of the immortality of the emperor, ...
    • Catapult 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Atop the Castel outside the papal apartments stands a catapult with ammunition. Later, Pope Urban VIII equipped the castle with a cannon made from bronze purportedly taken from the ceiling of the Pantheon Portico.
    • Cathedral pulpit 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      From the concept of the heroa and the funerary monuments with domes, we must now return to the progression of the veneration of the martyrs in the West, first of all, in cemeteries. Shot of pulpit in the Cathedral of Split.
    • Church of Saint Andrea al Quirinale 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bernini's S Andrea built in 1659 near the Quirinale Palace, the residence of popes until 1870.
    • The crucifixion of Peter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A close up of the crucifixion of Peter with the emperor Nero enthroned on the upper left with the castle St. Angelo on the lower center left.
    • Domical structure immediately behind the fastigium 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Even as the fastigium implied the presence of a deity, so the domical reception hall immediately behind it reinforced the concept of celestial power. Shot of the reception hall behind the fastigium of Diocletian's palace.
    • The Domus Aurea 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      Nero's palace
    • Early representation of Rome 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      In the representation the Mausoleum of Hardian is found to the middle left of the photo, while a similar mausoleum, that of the Emperor Augustus is found in the upper left. The mausoleum was first transformed into Castel ...
    • Elevated causeway 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The iron barred from the causeway into the Castel. In his autobiography Benevento Cellini gives a vivid description of his personal valor in leading the defense of the castle against invading troops.
    • Elevated causeway 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Elevated causeway connecting the Castel to the Vatican apartments. In 1527, when the troops of Emperor Charles V invaded Rome, Pope Clement VII, together with 13 cardinals and 18 bishops, took refuge in the castle.
    • Exterior wall of Diocletian's Palace in Split 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The harbor originally came to the walls of the palace for an escape by sea, should that become necessary. Exterior wall of Diocletian's Palace on the side facing the sea.
    • Interior of Diocletian's mausoleum/Cathedral of Split 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Diocletian's mausoleum has been converted into the Cathedral of Split. Its iconography most appropriate to the resurrected Christ. Shot of the interior of Cathedral in Split, Croatia.
    • Landward side wall of Diocletian's Palace 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A sidewall to give an indication of the size of the palace. Exterior wall of Diocletian's Palace on the side facing the land.
    • Main entrance to Diocletian's Palace 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Main entrance to Diocletian's palace, opposite the seaward side. Shot of the main entrance to Diocletian's palace.
    • Mausoleum of Diocletian 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The eight-sided domical mausoleum of Diocletian reiterates the shape of the heroa and the use of the dome with its concept of heavens, eternity, divinity, and power. Shot of Diocletian's mausoleum.
    • Mausoleum/Cathedral of Split 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Details of exquisite carving of the capitals in the cathedral. Carved capitals in the Split Cathedral.
    • Palace of the Governorate of Vatican City State 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)