• The church room with liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Seen from the choir the front of the church room contains many elements with the tapestry behind the altar giving focus to the room. The functions left to right: (half) of the altar for the reserved host, behind which is ...
    • Close up of liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The altar continues the brutalist theme as do the chairs for the clergy. Whatever ones attitude towards brutalism, the elements none the less convey the permanence of sacrament and sacerdotium.
    • Evangelischer Versöhnungskirche 1961-1965, Manheim Rheinau 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Helmut Striffler, architect. The Protestant Church of the Atonement belongs to the Brutalist school of architecture using poured concrete as its virtually exclusive construction material.
    • The liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The liturgical center borrows visually from the Brutalism of the exterior and provides a large visual frame for the liturgical action.
    • St. Jean Exterior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The architecture is plainly brutalist, intended to give the impression of strength and permanence. It was part of the effort of the Roman Catholic Church in France to participate in the contemporary artistic and architectural ...
    • St. Matthäuskirche 1966-1969, Dusseldorf-Garath, Germany 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Gottfried Bohm, architect. A combination of brick and concrete Brutalism, Bohms customary striking forms intended to reflect the strength, dynamism and contemporaneity of the Church.