• The Bishop's Consecration 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Another shot of the bishops surrounding the new bishop.
    • The Bishop's Ride 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Shot of the Mercedes in which the Bishop left the Cathedral.
    • Bishop's Seat 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • The Bishops of Spili 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The bishops of Spili congregated around the new bishop being consecrated.
    • The Cathedral of Mainz 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Begun by Bishop Bardo in 1036 it was reconstructed by Henry IV in 1081. The present west end was completed between 1200 and 1250. Initially the cathedral continued the two choir format.
    • The Cathedral of Speyer 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      "Seeing Christ through the eyes of emperor and pope." Begun in 1031 by Conrad II. The eleventh century Rhine cathedrals are marked by a double liturgical focus for the sacerdotium and imperium. The west end was for the ...
    • The Cathedral of Worms 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Both the emperor on the left and the papacy on the right were represented by the twin towers offering entry into the city of God, the church.
    • The Cathedral of Worms, west end façade 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      Worms also architecturally represents the tension between emperor and papacy as to the control of the church. Here accordingly the church has a double choir for emperor in the west and papacy bishop in the east.
    • Consecration of a New Bishop 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Shot of consecration ceremony from the gallery of the Cathedral.
    • Eastern apse of the Cathedral of Speyer 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The power and presumed headship of the papacy was represented by the bishop who celebrated in the eastern apse of the cathedral (Photographed in 1973 with a modern altar/table brought forward in accordance with Vatican ...
    • Elevated causeway 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Elevated causeway connecting the Castel to the Vatican apartments. In 1527, when the troops of Emperor Charles V invaded Rome, Pope Clement VII, together with 13 cardinals and 18 bishops, took refuge in the castle.
    • Interior view of Sint Servaas 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1967)
      Saint Seryatius was an Armenian missionary who died in Maastrict c. 384. His remains are enclosed in the altar.
    • John Paul II 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The Pope gestures during papal audience, surrounded by bishop and cardinal and Swiss guard.
    • Presbytery and Bishop's Throne 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Beyond the Schola Cantorum in the apse is the curved bench of the presbytery surrounding the 6th century bishop's throne.
    • Reliquary of the three magi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1973)
      The principal relict of the cathedral are the remains of the three magi enclosed in this golden reliquary. Koln was an important center of trade, commerce, and scholastic learning. It's archbishop was incredibly wealthy, ...
    • San Paolo fuori l'mura Apse 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Behind the triumphal arch is the apse with its mosaic and the baldanquinn over the martyr/apostle Paul. At the focus of the apse is the bishop's throne directly under the apse mosaic of the enthroned Christ.
    • San Paolo fuori l'mura Bishop's Throne 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • St. Peterus Canisius Chapel, 1959 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Bernhard Rotterdam, architect. This is the Arch Arischepisocopal Seminary Chapel of St. Peterus Canisius. Liturgical center includes altar/table with bishops chair at the traditional chord of the apse.
    • The catacomb of S. Pontiana 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Veneration of three bishops. Fresco of three bishops in the catacomb of S. Pontiana.