• Adventus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Immediately below the upper central panel of the sarcophagus of Junius Bassius is an Adventus, innocent enough to our eyes but within the context of imperial iconography it represented and emphasized Christ as ruler. ...
    • Baldacchino 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The baldacchino designed by Bernini was cast with bronze taken from the Pantheon. Giving rise to the quip found in the mouth of one of the talking statues which loosely translated is "that which the barbarians did not do ...
    • The baptismal font 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Entering St. Peter's one encounters the huge porphyry basin of the baptismal font, surmounted with its great gold covering.
    • Bernini Baldacchino 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The baldacchino, surmounted by the cross, on the underside of the canopy, hidden behind a column is a descending dove, symbol of the Holy Spirit who rests upon the papal celebrant and the transformed body and blood.
    • Bronze doors of St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • Bronze doors of St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      While it had not been the intention of Pope John to be part of the doors he had commissioned, none the less his popularity and death made his inclusion a veritable "must."
    • Bronze doors of St. Peter's on the extreme left sculpted by Monzu a Bergamo 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Monzu was not an obvious choice to create the bronze doors for St. Peter's. He had been divorced, he was a communist, but he was also Italy's foremost sculptor. Giovanni XXIII was influenced by Monsignor (sp?) ____
    • Bronze peacock 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bronze peacock from old St. Peter's. The Peacock was one of many symbols of eternal life, due to its touted longevity.
    • Celebrating Peter the fisher of men 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Part of the celebration of the feast of St. Peter's was the fishermen's trap done in a green garland hung above the main entrance to St Peter's basilica.
    • The chair of St. Peter beneath the Gloria 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      At the head of the apse, where mass is frequently said, we find the throne of St. Peter in Glory held up by the four doctors of the Church: St. Augustine St. Ambrose, St. Athansius, and John Chrysostom. These four doctors ...
    • Charlemagne 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The equestrian statue of Charlemagne at the other side of the porch of St. Peter's illustrates the skill of Bernini by contrast. Agostino Cornacchini's Charlemagne is static and lifeless in comparison (1725).
    • Christ giving the keys to Peter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Under the balcony and above the entrance to the narthex is the bas relief of Christ giving the keys to St. Peter by Ambrogio Buonvicino.
    • Close up of the central panels with Saints Paul and Peter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Note the dominuative, kneeling pope receiving the keys.
    • A close up of the summit of the obelisk and St. Peter's. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A close up of the summit of the obelisk reveals the insignia of the Bernini papacy, under which the obelisk was raised, with the cross surmounting all. Note the cross over the orb of the world, which also surmounts the ...
    • Close-up of Christ enthroned 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In the central section of the sarcophagus of Junius Bassius we find Christ enthroned as lawgiver. The law in his hand being given to Peter while Paul stands at his right. Beneath him is a personification of the cosmos ...
    • Close-up of Christ holding cross as lance 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      On the superb sarcophagus of Sextus Petronius Probus of 395 AD stands Christ surrounded by the apostles his cross held in the very same position as the emperor held his lance as a symbol of authority and in his hand he ...
    • Close-up of the Sol Invictus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      This is sometimes interpreted as the head of Christ. Close-up of ceiling mosaic in St. Peter's Basilica.
    • The confessione 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      In front of the baldacchino is the confessione, designed by Maderno. It is directly above the Roman cemetery in which we earlier viewed the mosaics.
    • Constantine 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bernini's dynamic equestrian statue shows his skill in transforming marble into the movement of a moment (1655/62). The event signified is a probability of Constantine's vision of the Chi Rho as he goes into battle.
    • The crucifixion of Peter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      A close up of the crucifixion of Peter with the emperor Nero enthroned on the upper left with the castle St. Angelo on the lower center left.