• Actual 2nd century Columbaria Beneath San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
    • Catacomb fragment of fish and anchor and ☧ (Chi Rho) 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Another example of an inscription with the symbols of an anchor, fish, and ☧ (Chi Rho).
    • Church of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The church of San Sebastiano (ca 300-350 AD).
    • Close-up of fragments 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Close-up of wall fragments from the shelter of the refrigeria.
    • Close-up of fragments 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      More close-up of fragments indicating that for at least a time the apostle Peter was interred in one of the three mausolea beneath the Church of San Sebastiano. Close-up of fragments in the mausolea beneath San Sebastiano ...
    • Columbaria 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Columbaria in a cubiculum in the catacomb of S. Sebastiano. Note the cylindrical caps for persons in the major niche together with double caps in the side niches as well as the humbler nitches for lower ranking members of ...
    • Contemporary View of Apse of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Contemporary view of the apse of San Sebastiano also showing the undulating terrain, "hollows," or in Italian "catacombe" with the result that the uneven terrain around San Sebastiano and its early Christian catacombs. ...
    • Decorations inside mausolea 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Inside the mausolea one finds a richly decorated interior.
    • Detail of decoration 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Details of decorations inside mausolea.
    • Exterior Model of Basilica 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Exterior of the model of the Basilica including the side aisle which we were just in, together with additional later chapels built for columbaria for Christians to be entered closer to the bodies of martyrs. Note the ...
    • Exterior of Ambulatory of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      One might also note the undulating landscape which originally gave its name to the catacombs. Pilgrims said that they were going to "ad catacumbas", or the hollows--meaning the hollows around the church of San Sebastiano. ...
    • Fragments from wall of shelter 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Fragments from wall of shelter with petitions to the apostle-martyr Peter.
    • Friar scaling mausoleum 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Friar giving scale to the decoration of the mausoleum.
    • Funerary jar in above columbaria 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Two clay jars embedded into the mortar of the columbaria. The clay jar for ashes, plastered into the wall of the cubiculum indicates the probable status of a slave.
    • Interior of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      San Sebastiano interior rebuilt in 1612 by Cardinal Scipione Borghese.
    • Loculi within arcosoleum 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Loculi within the arcosoleum of the mausoleum.
    • Loculi within mausoleum 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Further loculi within mausoleum indicating the desire to be buried near Christian martyrs.
    • Mausolea beneath San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Stairs leading down to the mausolea beneath San Sebastiano. Three early 2nd century mausolea are beneath San Sebastiano.
    • Model of ambulatory 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Model of ambulatory in San Sebastiano giving access to larger number of burials contiguous to a closer burial to the site of martyrs.
    • Model of apse of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Model of apse of San Sebastiano showing original mausolea attached but outside the church on sloping ground.