• The architect Klaus Franz center addresses the IFRAA group. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
    • Arthur Slotboom and his Volvo bus. 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Being well off schedule as the result of the fasciation with Dahinden's work, we are about to set off to visit two more of his churches at St. Frances at Huttwilen and St. Antony at Wildegg, Switzerland.
    • Christi Geburt 1969-1970, Koln-Mengenich 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Eduard Frieling, architect. The exterior of the church is distinguished by the striking bell tower.
    • Church of Notre Dame du Chêne, 1960-1966 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Louis, Luc, and Thierry Sainsaliu, architects.
    • Church of Notre Dame du Raincy, France, 192-1923 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Auguste Perret, architect. The interfaith form on religion, art, and architecture (IFRAA) requested Professor Donald J Bruggink, honor member of IFRAA, to prepare and conduct a post conference European seminar on church ...
    • The door from the interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Le Corbusier often averred that "an architecture must be walked through and traversed…" Nowhere is this more true than in Ronchamp. One can wander from place to place either outside or inside this incredible building and ...
    • Entrance door 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Flanked by the two smaller towers and mounted on a central pivot, the brilliantly enameled door by Le Corbusier hints at the enchantment of the interior.
    • Evangelischer Versöhnungskirche 1961-1965, Manheim Rheinau 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Helmut Striffler, architect. The Protestant Church of the Atonement belongs to the Brutalist school of architecture using poured concrete as its virtually exclusive construction material.
    • Ferrohouse, 1970, Zurich 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Designed by Justus Dahinden, an office and apartment structure.
    • The great glass curtain wall by Dominikus Bohm and Heinz Bienefeld 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The glory of the rectangular room is the incredibly wonderful wall of greenish/gray glass. And when the wind moves the leaves of the trees in the adjoining wood, the leaves of this wonderful glass wall seem to move as well.
    • The great rose window, Gottfried Bohm, artist 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Here Bohm's great rose window comes into full view, perhaps a reference to the biblical "Rose of Sharon," seen in the Middle Ages as an Old Testament symbol of Christ. The rose itself is set in an abstract filigree surmounted ...
    • Home of Gottfried Bohm 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The son of Dominikus Bohm and a great architect and artist in his own right, Gottfried Bohm, graciously met with the members of the 1984 IFRAA seminar.
    • House of the Symbols 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      "Freestanding column by the northern entry with sculpture of three Taurus heads that act as symbolic guards." Justus Dahinden
    • House of the Symbols 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      "The edges of the building's south façade are distinguished by large circular oriels, crowned by perforated cupolas. They envelope the living areas with the fire-place in its center. The individual style of this building ...
    • Interior with Bohm window 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Once again, 1984 Ektachrome could not replicate what the eye could see in its ability to span light and dark.
    • Justus Dahinden 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      Professor Dr. Sc. Techn. Justus Dahinden addresses IFFRA members outside his office/residence building in Zurich-Witikon.
    • Kirche, Wigratzbad by Gottfried Böhm 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The church is composed of 19 contiguous hexagonal structures which enables the church to shelter as many as 8000 pilgrimages with seating for 1200.
    • Kirche, Wigratzbad by Gottfried Böhm 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The exterior of the pilgrimage church at Wigratzbad.
    • The liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      While the Pantelicon marble walls are white from the exterior, when viewed from the interior, the 28 millimeter thick panels are translucent, the limitation of film in 1984 results in an accurate color rendition of the ...
    • Liturgical detail 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1984)
      The stand for the Gospel now reveals itself as a lectern, flanked by the pulpit with seating for the clergy. The architect has given consideration to the people who need not focus on the priest during the sermon silhouetted ...