• Escarlo alla quattro fontane 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Boromini's baroque masterpieces involved a more subtle geometry than that of Bernini, as exemplified in San Carlino on it's highly restricted site. The façade is a subtle mixture of the concave and the convex, giving the ...
    • Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The fountain the Piazza are popular with locals and tourists alike.
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Bernini's fountain with its four rivers referencing the breadth of the Roman Church was surmounted by an Egyptian obelisk, brought to Rome by the Emperor Domitian and moved here by Innocent X from the Circus Maxentius. The ...
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The four rivers represented by the fountain and their sculpted figures were the Danube, Ganges, Nile and Plate, representing Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The aqueducts and their fountains represent a continuing flowing stream of water (rather than stored water). In this case, the excess water being taken to the sewers by a sea monster.
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Former student, daughter of professor James Ivan Cook, is now the Reverend Doctor Carol Cook, at Louisville Presbyterian Seminary.
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Sea monsters not withstanding, the fountain is a favorite, albeit elicit, opportunity for water sports.
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Perhaps the most famous fountain group in Rome, it was designed by Bernini. A common tale told by guides is that the statue with upraised hand is shielding his eyes from the façade of the church, done by Bernini's rival ...
    • Fontana del Quattro Fiumi 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      By Bernini. Constitutes the centerpiece of the Piazza Navona the photo is taken from the pension of the Ladies of Bethany.
    • The Fountain of the Four Rivers 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • The Piazza Navona 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      In the center of the Piazza Navona is Bernini's famous fountain of the four rivers, surmounted by it's obelisk. To the left of the fountain is the Collegio and the church of Saint Agnese and the Palazzo Doria Pamphlij, all ...
    • Piazza Navona 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      At the center of the Piazza is Bernini's famous fountain of the four rivers surmounted by the obelisk (1641) while in the foreground is the central statue of the fountain, Il Moro, executed by Bernini 1653.
    • Piazza Navona 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The Carabinieri stand a quiet, but authoritative and watchful eye, over miscreants misusing the Fontana del Quattro Fiumi