• Basilica of San Paolo Fuori le Mura 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Saint Paul's church outside the walls. Exterior shot with statue of Saint Paul in the foreground.
    • Church of San Sebastiano 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The church of San Sebastiano (ca 300-350 AD).
    • Facade of Sant'Agnese 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Present facade of Sant'Agnese fuori le mura.
    • Facade St. John Lateran 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      The church remains today behind its renaissance facade. Façade of St. John Lateran.
    • Façade of the Rotonda 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (1984)
      Façade of the Rotonda
    • Façade of the Villa Giulia 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      Students begin their tour of Rome with the Etruscan Museum to get a sense of the centuries long prehistory to the advent of Christianity. Built for Pope Julius III between 1550-1555. It is now the Etruscan Museum of Rome ...
    • The Oratorio dei Filippini 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Façade by Borromini in 1637-52. It is this building which gave its name to all subsequent oratorios.
    • Oratorio dei Filippini and La Chiesa de Nuova 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The Chisea de Nuova with the oratorio on the left. Saint Phillipo Neri, held musical events, with scriptural words and events set to music. These were performed in the building next to La Chisa Nuova, in what became known ...
    • San Paolo fuori le mura 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1968)
      It was Constantine who began the first church above the grave of the apostle-martyr Paul. Facade of San Paolo rebuilt after the fire in the 19th century to 'replicate' the original.
    • Side & Façade of Catholicon 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (1984)
      The side and the façade of the catholicon.
    • St. Peter's façade with the obelisk successfully in place 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      While the iconography Bernini colonnade represents the embracing arms of mother Church, the obelisk has a symbol of idolatry, that is surmounted by a globe in turn surmounted by a cross, representing the triumph of ...
    • View from the top of the façade at St. Peter's 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Surmounting the façade are Christ and the apostles, together with the symbol of the keys.