• Elephant and obelisk before Santa Maria sopra Minerva 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The elephant as a symbol of strength holds the then recently discovered obelisk which was from Roman times a trophy of conquest and here, as in the Santra Pedro Piazza, it is surmounted by a cross which symbolizes the ...
    • Santra Maria Sopra Minerva 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1989)
      Bernini's Elephant (1667) supporting a small obelisk stands in the piazza Minerva in front of the church.