• The Garden Grove Community Church by Richard Neutra, Architect, 1961 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      It was designed to allow Robert Schuller, a graduate of Western Theological Seminary, to intially preach to worshipers in 500 cars, as well as the congregants in the church.
    • Tower of Hope 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The success of the Schuller ministry was such that in 1968 he was able to build the 13 story Tower of Hope which contained the offices of both the onsite congregational ministry and that of the Hour of Power. The Tower of ...
    • Interior of Neutra church 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The Neutra building was a multi purpose space used for worship and for conference events. The liturgical focus is seen among the foliage with the square white of the pulpit and the white diagonal of the stairs to the ...
    • Neutra church room detail 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The esthetic ambiance of the Neutra building was increased by one side being parallel by a pool.
    • Detail of Tower of Hope 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      In addition to the external emergancy stairway and campanilie, note Schuller's use of water in relation to all of his buildings.
    • 90 foot doors opening to the drive-in church 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The doors opened the Crystal Cathedral to the drive-in congregation which preferred to worship from their cars. Here we see Dr. Schuller addressing the drive-in congregation from his pulpit.
    • Props for the nativity tableau 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      One of the most popular presentations was the Christmas nativity, which included not only Mary, Joseph, and animals but also living, flying angels.
    • Central fountain 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Running the length of the interior worship space was the multi-jet fountain. European commentators frequently identified the fountain as for baptism. While it could have served that purpose, it carried the effect of placing ...
    • Schuller addresses interior congregation 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      With a 180 degree pivot, Dr. Schuller is able to address the congregation within the Crystal Cathedral
    • Water of Crystal Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Schuller also made fine use of water in his buildings. Here fountains play immediately adjacent to the Crystal Cathedral as worshipers enter. From ancient times, Christianity has associated water with God's creation, with ...
    • Crystal doves hovering over the liturgical center 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      One of the happier fundraising devices was accepting donations for the crystal doves for the church room.
    • Entries to Crystal Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Interior of one of the entrances at one of the "star points" of the Crystal Cathedral.
    • Interior church room 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The interior of the worship space of the Crystal Cathedral as seen from the central balcony with one of the balcony's of the star points on the extreme right of the photo. The 90 foot doors behind the pulpit open to the ...
    • The scripture lesson 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Dr. Herman J. Ridder reads scripture. Note the position of the ferns and the great doors, now closed. The attractive interior was such that the drive-in church which harked back to Schuller's original fame in the drive-in ...
    • Crystal Cathedral Interior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The incredible span of Philip Johnson's space frame is here apparent. The entire interior is spanned without a single interior column or exterior buttress. Everything, walls and ceiling roof, are all dependent upon the ...
    • Music before the installation of the organ 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      With plants and bamboo "pipes" as a promise of things to come, the Crystal Cathedral here used mass choirs and marimbas and kettle drums for musical displays.
    • Hymnody 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Left to right: Herman J. Ridder, guest, and Dr. Robert Schuller behind the pulpit during the singing of the hymns.
    • Music as the focal point of worship 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The living water of the fountain seems to have given way to having given life to green foliage. Also note the camera man getting close ups of the members of the orchestra.
    • Full musical resources 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      The importance of music to worship at the Crystal Cathedral is apparent with the great organ, choir, and orchestra.
    • The interior of the Crystal Cathedral 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      While taken before the installation of the organ pipes, this view of the entire Crystal Cathedral taken form one of the points of the star shaped church, illustrates the three balcony areas in which portions of the organ ...