• Bronze Funerary Urn 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      4th century funerary urn surmounted by two Genii.
    • Bronze Handle for Funerary Urn 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      By the 4th century BC one might describe the detail for the handle of this funerary urn as being somewhat whimsical.
    • Bronze warrior 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      Votive bronze figurine of warrior, 4th century BC.
    • Burning incense to Caesar 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Christian hostility to idolatry and iconography was sealed in blood when it came into direct conflict with the demands of the state. Wall Panel of citizen burning incense to Caesar.
    • Bust by Bernini 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1978)
      Prior to the revocation Louis had apppointed de Baville to convert the Huguenots of northern France.
    • Bust of Hadrian 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      17-138 AD.
    • Busto de Inga 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
    • The Canopus and the Carthyds 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      View of the Northwest side of the canopus with the carthyds on the left.
    • Capitoline Venus 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1975)
      A Roman replica of the original by Praxiteles.
    • Cardinal Scipione Borghese 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      As sculpted by Bernini in 1632 (for an excellent chronology see Rudolf Wittkower's book on Gian Lorenzo Bernini, pages 275-76).
    • Cardinal Scipione Borghese 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      This, the original, developed a crack in the marble at the forehead which resulted in Borghese demanding a perfect copy for which Bernini obliged. The cardinal paid for one and kept the other.
    • Centaur of Vulci 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      6th century BC nenfro centaur.
    • ☧ (Chi Rho) 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Constantine had conquered under the sign of ☧ (Chi Rho). Now he began to bestow not merely peace but gifts upon the Church. A stone depiction of the ☧ (Chi Rho).
    • Christ as lawgiver 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      Christ now portrayed as a lawgiver as opposed to the Good Shepherd (as seen in ICN0111). Sarcophagi fragment, Christ between apostles Peter and Paul.
    • Christ Bearing the Cross 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      Christ bearing the cross is by Michelangelo 1514-21.
    • Christ in a manger 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      But the perils of the imperial iconography are that it tempts me to do as medieval popes, as crusaders, as all those who have fought holy wars have been tempted to do, as well as those religious who today emulate corporate ...
    • Christ the Good Shepherd 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1971)
      In motive and response, is not this Christ (see ICN0144) very different than the Good Shepherd who is willing to carry me on his shoulders? Sculpture of the Good Shepherd, Museo Capitolino.
    • Christian sarcophagus with the departed, Jonah, and Eucharistic feast 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 19)
      There was initially a thin line between honoring one's departed with a very expensive sarcophagus depicting Christian scenes including that of the Eucharist and honoring the martyr-hero (Christ the initial martyr-hero) ...
    • Claudius 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1977)
      41-54 AD
    • Close up of Iker Larrauri's bronze snail and view of El Paraguas (the umbrella) 

      Bruggink, Donald J. (Western Theological Seminary (Holland, Michigan), 1988)
      The bronze snail in the foreground emits sounds of instruments of the pre-Hispanic culture.