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The Reformed tradition was virtually synonymous with education after John Calvin founded the academy in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1559. After Calvin, Reformed Church polity in regard to education was more firmly established by the Synod of Dort in 1618-19. The synod resolved that every Reformed congregation would found a school, with the consistory of the local church being responsible for appointing and supervising a schoolmaster who was to be a Christian. This policy, in place for only ten years when the first Reformed congregation was organized on Manhattan Island in 1628, had a major effect on the Reformed Dutch Church in America.
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