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For the first time in history, from April 26-29, 1994, a truly democratic election was held in South Africa and on May 10, 1994, the Government of National Unity (GNU) took office. Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as the president of South Africa, and the African National Congress (ANC), which received 62.6 percent of the vote, seated 252 people from the national list of candidates proposed by the ANC and "from the provinces" as members of the new national Parliament. They represent the share of the national vote won by the ANC. The National Party which had organized the government of South Africa from 1948 until May 10, 1994, and which had generated and implemented the structure of laws which separated black people and white people in South Africa to the degree that that was feasible and possible, received 20.4 percent of the vote and occupied eighty-two seats in the new Parliament. F. W. De Klerk, the former state president, became the second deputy president of the government and a member of the cabinet as well as the leader of the National Party Caucus in Parliament. The Inkatha Freedom Party which claims to represent seven million Zulus in South Africa, received 2,580,294 votes, 10.5 percent of the national vote. As a result, forty-three seats in the Parliament of the new government were assigned to their chosen delegates.
South Africa -- Politics and government; South Africa -- Race relations
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